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Clarifying my positions.
Clarifying my positions.

If your goal is to only have your personal views confirmed; if you prefer to shout down your opposition; if you like to glorify drugs, violence, or crime... please feel free to unsubscribe.

I'm here to participate in a meaningful discussion with people of varying opinions.

I won't link to CultOfDusty's or Thunderf00t's videos. You can find them easily enough and my comments on them are also easy to find.

Evolution and HIV for OFNF, Part 2
Evolution and HIV for OFNF, Part 2

I have to publish this in two parts because of the length. The cuts are pretty sharp.

This is in response to OnceForgivenNowFree's challenge to "prove evolution is a fact". While I don't actually care to convince him of the factual nature of evolution, I want to explain to him why I oppose his interference in science and science education. It was also an excuse to revisit HIV and evolution, my two favorite topics.

Link to Part 1: https://youtube.com/watch?v=vtnz2QZRg-Q

Evolution and HIV for OFNF, Part 1
Evolution and HIV for OFNF, Part 1

I have to publish this in two parts because of the length. The cuts are pretty sharp.

This is in response to OnceForgivenNowFree's challenge to "prove evolution is a fact". While I don't actually care to convince him of the factual nature of evolution, I want to explain to him why I oppose his interference in science and science education. It was also an excuse to revisit HIV and evolution, my two favorite topics.

Link to Part 2: https://youtube.com/watch?v=exDlDBU6Qv4

Individuality by Robert Ingersoll
Individuality by Robert Ingersoll

Happy 4th of July! It's the American Independence Day, and I think this short excerpt from Robert G Ingersoll's "Individuality" is very appropriate. Being a non-believer is still sometimes challenging in this country, and the parallels between Ingersoll's time and now are very appropriate.

If you don't know who Robert Ingersoll is, and you happen to be a non-theist, you are in for a treat! His essays are some of the most powerful and passionate for his time.

Here's the full-text of Individuality (requires acceptance of disclaimer):
http://infidels.org/library/historical/robert_ingersoll/individuality.html

More about Robert G Ingersoll:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_G._Ingersoll

Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers, 1954
Frank Statement to Cigarette Smokers, 1954

Called the "Frank Statement" in marketing circles, this newspaper ad circulated in 1954 in several hundred newspapers nationally, in response to overwhelming studies linking smoking to lung cancer risk.

I offer this as an example of how simple it is to "spin" health risks. Cigarette smoking was possibly one of the earliest examples of science denialism which today includes creationism (evolution denial), global warming denial, HIV-AIDS denialism, and others.

http://tobacco.neu.edu/litigation/cases/supportdocs/frank_ad.htm

http://tobacco.neu.edu/box/BOEKENBox/Boeken%20Evidence%20PDF/0363.pdf

For more information about the link between cigarette smoking and cancer:
http://cdc.gov/cancer/lung/basic_info/risk_factors.htm

Wakefield's Smoking Gun
Wakefield's Smoking Gun

Andrew Wakefield kicked off the modern anti-vaccine movement in 1998 with a publication in the Lancet linking autism to entercolitis (gut inflammation). He followed this with an expanded study in 2000, and evidence showing that measles replication in the gut was causing the inflammation in 2002.

The Lancet 1998 and American Journal of Gastroenterology 2000 papers were later retracted, at least in part because the samples used in those studies were obtained unethically and outside of ethical review of human research.

The Molecular Pathology 2002 paper was never retracted. The General Medical Council (UK) in their public hearings disclosed the raw data obtained during an investigation. It came to me through a colleague involved in the investigation and I want to share it with you. It is the smoking gun that convinced me that Wakefield was involved in an intentional fraud, that he was aware the data he was producing was false and deceptive.

Here are some links to learn more.
Investigator Brian Deer details the full chronology with essential primary documents. Excellent, thorough journalism:
http://briandeer.com/mmr/lancet-summary.htm

The GMC findings in the case of Andrew Wakefield:
http://gmc-uk.org/Wakefield_SPM_and_SANCTION.pdf_32595267.pdf
It details the way Wakefield collected blood samples at his children's birthday parties, and the ethical violations.

A brief introduction to real-time PCR:
http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/pcr/realtime-home.htm

The three papers referenced:
1. Lancet. 1998 Feb 28;351(9103):637-41.
"Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children." [RETRACTED]
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9500320

2. Am J Gastroenterol. 2000 Sep;95(9):2285-95.
"Enterocolitis in children with developmental disorders."
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11007230

3. Mol Pathol. 2002 Apr;55(2):84-90.
"Potential viral pathogenic mechanism for new variant inflammatory bowel disease."
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1187154/

Shoutout:  Goddard's Journal and CoolHardLogic
Shoutout: Goddard's Journal and CoolHardLogic

Goddard's Journal:
https://youtube.com/user/GoddardsJournal
http://iangoddard.com/journal.htm
Video "Fukushima Health Effects in North America?"
https://youtube.com/watch?v=DOreFp9983I

CoolHardLogic:
https://youtube.com/user/CoolHardLogic
"Testing Homeopathy - Part 1: Plausbility"
https://youtube.com/watch?v=6dFYfeADX7g
Just fantastic video making. I am envious of both them. Anyone who claims YouTube is getting stale just hasn't looked hard enough. There's great science and pseudoscience-debunking videos out there, made by innovative and careful videomakers.

Spirit Science: An Open Letter to Jordan
Spirit Science: An Open Letter to Jordan

Dear Jordan Pearce of The Spirit Science, I have a challenge for you. From one truth-seeker to another, I want to see what we can accomplish together.

Jordan's main web presence
http://thespiritscience.net/
https://youtube.com/user/thespiritscience
https://facebook.com/thespiritscience

Here's RationalWiki's slightly snarky take on Jordan:
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/The_Spirit_Science

Might I suggest that you go to Jordan's video and give him a link to this video and let him know that he's "not even wrong".

Maybe All This
Maybe All This

I'm a little busy to get back into video making 100%, but this is a promise that more is coming.

"Maybe All This" is one of my favorite short poems. The author is just as remarkable, Wisława Szymborska-Włodek, a Polish Nobel Laureate. I recommend reading her story:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wis%C5%82awa_Szymborska

This work was first published in English translation in the New Yorker, original here:
http://archives.newyorker.com/default.aspx?i=1992-12-14#folio=094

YouTube Stahp
YouTube Stahp

I needed to vent. Only Dolan can express my full loathing and sorrow.

Assault rifle vs. Assault weapon
Assault rifle vs. Assault weapon

I've already made the mistake of misusing these two terms. The "Assault Weapon" is defined in the "Federal Assault Weapons Ban" of 1994, which has since expired. Newer legislation is needed to redefine, using smarter criteria, what an assault weapon is, prior to any future bill restricting their ownership and sale.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Assault_Weapons_Ban
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assault_rifle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assault_weapon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013_Los_Angeles_International_Airport_shooting

It appears Ciancia used an M&P15, a Smith and Wesson clone of the AR-15, chambered in 5.45x39mm.

"The Hand Grenade test"
"The Hand Grenade test"

"The Hand Grenade Test" is a rhetorical device I use with friends and family to convey the simple idea that all weapons are not equal: some have design features that make them inappropriate for self-defense use. Hand grenades and C4 have a high potential for misuse and little to no potential for legitimate defensive use.

I understand that [assault weapons] are a contentious issue among gun owners, in spite of being a low percentage of total gun ownership. The "Feinstein definition" is often mocked and parodied, and I agree some of the definitions seem disconnected to reality, but the idea that some weapons have a greater misuse potential than their use can support.

I am not someone who opposes all gun ownership, but smart regulation can prevent misuse of weapons by people intending to harm the innocent.

The "1 in 4" rape statistics:  Fact-checking the numbers
The "1 in 4" rape statistics: Fact-checking the numbers

In response to a very popular claim that the "1 in 4" statistics has been soundly debunked, I decided to dig a little deeper on the research. While I admire the spirit of skepticism many viewer displayed, skepticism without investigation is just biased ignorance.

I've said elsewhere, and I want to say it here again: Rape and sexual assault are not good subjects for fighting the culture wars with. Let's keep this topic a matter of "human compassion and civil law" as ThePeach has said elsewhere (http://youtube.com/watch?v=yHHmiUD_yrs)

Provided here are some useful links for you to pursue your own skeptical research:
1. The "short form" of the SES survey instrument:
SURVEY: http://midss.org/sites/default/files/ses-sfv.doc
SCORING GUIDE: http://midss.org/sites/default/files/ses-sfv_scoring.pdf

2. The 1987 paper by Dr. Koss that might be the first time the 1 in 4 statistic was published.
http://soci270.carvajal.ca/documents/KossTheScopeofRape.pdf

3. The CDC National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, 2010 Summary:
http://cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/nisvs_report2010-a.pdf

4. An independent series of papers reviewing the accuracy and validity of the SES:
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9661726
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10160235
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16399925

Preventing Sexual Assault
Preventing Sexual Assault

This is a hard topic to discuss, and while I don't think Thunderf00t handled it delicately, he's created an opportunity to have a frank discussion about the how and why of sexual assault prevention and response.

The three aims of this video:
1. Raise your consciousness about using gender-specific terms for victim and perpetrator.
2. Present some facts about sexual assault based on primary research sources.
3. Identify why sexual assault prevention and response matters.

This is not a good topic for either side to use to fight the culture wars. I'd hate to see something as basic and important as rape crisis response become a contentious political issue.

References:
1. Clin Psychol Rev. 2009 July; 29(5): 431--448.
"Rape Treatment Outcome Research: Empirical Findings and State of the Literature"
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2773678/

2. J Am Coll Health. 2011 Aug-Oct; 59(7): 582--587.
"Reporting Rape in a National Sample of College Women"
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3211043/

3. J Interpers Violence. 2010 December; 25(12): 2217--2236.
"Drug- and Alcohol-Facilitated, Incapacitated, and Forcible Rape in Relation to Mental Health among a National Sample of Women"
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2967593/

4. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2011 September; 30(5): 481--489.
"Alcohol's Role in Sexual Violence Perpetration: Theoretical Explanations, Existing Evidence, and Future Directions"
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3177166/

5. Am J Public Health. 1993 November; 83(11): 1633--1634.
"The effects of resistance strategies on rape."
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1694898/

6. Am J Community Psychol. 2006 December; 38(3-4): 263--274.
"Being Silenced: The Impact of Negative Social Reactions on the Disclosure of Rape"
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1705531/

7. Violence Vict. 2002 Dec;17(6):691-705.
"Avoiding rape: the effects of protective actions and situational factors on rape outcome."
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12680683

Journal Club:  Alcohol and Sexual Victimization
Journal Club: Alcohol and Sexual Victimization

The article I'm reading excerpts from:
"Alcohol Consumption and Women's Vulnerability to Sexual Victimization: Can Reducing Women's Drinking Prevent Rape?"
Subst Use Misuse. 2009; 44(9-10): 1349--1376.

This paper is outside the paywall, free, full-text for either HTML or PDF:
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2784921/
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2784921/pdf/nihms148230.pdf

Like the rest of the panel yesterday, I was quite ready to criticize Thunderf00t for his tone. As you can see from academic papers on this topic, the same controversial ideas are conveyed with the same types of disclaimers. If opponents of these discussions stymie efforts that focus on risk reduction for women, I think they do a disservice to those future sexual victims who could have benefited. The worst I can say about Thunderf00t is that his tone was wrong for the audience he was addressing. He is very accustomed to the language of academic discourse, which is often detached and unemotional about issues that are painfully emotional for the victims of sexual assault or their family. Rather than assuming malice on his part, it helps to think of the audience he addresses professionally, academic researchers.

Your comments are welcome. Please read the paper for a deeper analysis of risk reduction efforts that have been tried in the college setting. The scholarship here is quite good, and the authors are well published on this topic.

My apologies to Drs. Testa and Livingston for dragging them obliquely into this, but it was important to establish the bona fides of the authors.

Gun Control Claims
Gun Control Claims

LINKS TO VIDEO RESPONSES BELOW!

This is an analysis of four tropes of the anti gun-control / pro-gun lobby. I expect the comments will be a battleground for the "Great Culture Wars", so let me be clear on my own position.
"Gun control is not gun prohibition, it is about preventing misuse of guns by criminals to hurt innocents."

The US President's proposed gun policy, in 9 parts:
http://whitehouse.gov/issues/preventing-gun-violence

Versailles Treaty, Article 169, which outlawed all arms and munitions in Germany prior to Hitler, including private arms:
http://firstworldwar.com/source/versailles159-213.htm

The "Great Purge" of Stalin:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_purge

Boston's Project Ceasefire:
https://ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/188741.pdf

State of Michigan's Handgun Permit process:
http://legislature.mi.gov/documents/publications/firearms.pdf
http://wikihow.com/Buy-a-Firearm-in-Michigan

How to get a driver's license in Michigan:
http://dmv.org/mi-michigan/drivers-permits.php

The correlation between guns and violence, at the Harvard School of Public Health:
http://hsph.harvard.edu/hicrc/firearms-research/guns-and-death/

VIDEO RESPONSES:

Justicar: http://youtube.com/watch?v=sp54MdALiRw
NewEuropeANP (National Libertarian Socialist People's Action Party): http://youtube.com/watch?v=ToyjGp__ayE

The Courtier's Reply by PZ Myers
The Courtier's Reply by PZ Myers

PZ Myers wrote "The Courtier's Reply" in response to critics of Richard Dawkin's book "The God Delusion" which focused on his lack of knowledge in theological studies. I'd like to hear what message you take away from this essay. Please share in comments.

http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2006/12/24/the-courtiers-reply/
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Courtier%27s_Reply
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courtier%27s_Reply

I found this on my hard drive from last year. Originally, I hesitated to put it up because the "voice acting" was so bad and annoying; later, because I had a strong disagreement with PZ. I'm putting that behind me to share with you what I think is a thought provoking essay.

Sorry for the long absence, folks! The gun control video series isn't dead, merely sleeping while I get my work and personal life under control.

"Should Atheists Pray?" response by Hemant Mehta
"Should Atheists Pray?" response by Hemant Mehta

Several essays were recently published by the New York Times on the topic of "Should Atheists Pray?" This is the only one worth recording... the only one that represents atheism. Follow the link below to read infuriating articles by pastors and woo-meisters like Deepak Chopra. I have long admired Hemant Mehta, and his answer here is so well written I had to share it.

The original article, by Hemant Mehta, "The Friendly Atheist":
http://nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/06/27/should-atheists-pray/prayer-is-useless-and-has-a-downside

Hemant's blog, well worth reading:
http://patheos.com/blogs/friendlyatheist/

I haven't abandoned my videos on gun control, but work and personal life have gotten in the way of speedy completion. Stay tuned.

Sam Harris: The Fireplace Delusion
Sam Harris: The Fireplace Delusion

I hate to have to point this out, but: I DID NOT WRITE THIS ESSAY. I'm just READING IT ALOUD.

This essay came to my attention recently, and it's an excellent exercise for a skeptic or atheist to experience this feeling of loss of innocence and the painful feelings it summons. See it through to the end before posting, please.

The source:
http://samharris.org/blog/item/the-fireplace-delusion

Next gun video is in production. First up is Australian gun control policy.

Burzynski Clinic: The Merola-Friendly Version
Burzynski Clinic: The Merola-Friendly Version

Poor Eric Merola. He objected to my "Fair Use" of a small low-res image of his movie poster. He used the legal thuggery tactic of submitting a false DMCA in order to force me to give him my home address so that I can be the subject of legal harassment and intimidation by his lawyers and media thugs.

Then, when I posted a short video pointing out the false DMCA and posting his public email address... he had it flagged for "Scams and Spam". Poor Eric. A guy can't use perjury to silence his critics without a lot of headache anymore. At last count, there were over 80 copies of this "unscrubbed" video on YouTube. My thanks to those who deemed that necessary.

To ease his troubled mind, I've removed any and all references to anything he ever worked on in this "scrubbed" version of my previous video. I dare him to take this one down. Go on, Eric... I'm game if you are. Let's dance.

Madness Mayhem and Charity 2013
Madness Mayhem and Charity 2013

Don't miss the C0nc0rdance Riddle Challenge! We'll be having some fun and raising some money for HIV/AIDS research. I hereby pledge $5 for every riddle I fail to stump you with, if you'll pledge the same.

Time and Date, adjusted to your local time:
http://timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedtime.html?msg=C0nc0rdance%27s+Riddle+Challenge&iso=20130407T08&p1=2284&ah=1

Where to go:
http://vaughnlive.tv/fighthiv
http://vaughnlive.tv/fighthiv
http://vaughnlive.tv/fighthiv

The schedule of all shows:
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0Ag7AOqhv0Ew1dERTUk1meUJsbVlJNWJWaWdYZXhZaVE#gid=0

Facebook page:
https://facebook.com/MadnessMayhemAndCharity

The donation sites are:
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative - http://firstgiving.com/fundraiser/devchelle/mmc2013
International HIV/AIDS Alliance - http://justgiving.com/MMC2013

Many thanks to Peach and devchelle2 for their work on this charity event.

Host list:
AronRa http://youtube.com/AronRa
AwesomeRants http://youtube.com/AwesomeRants
C0ct0pusPrime http://youtube.com/C0ct0pusPrime
C0nc0rdance http://youtube.com/C0nc0rdance
CehBeach/HeavyTrafficAhead http://youtube.com/Cehbeach
ChristinePeace http://youtube.com/ChristinePeace
ContraPoints/Nykytyne2 http://youtube.com/ContraPoints
Coughlan000/616 http://youtube.com/Coughlan000
DasAmericanAtheist http://youtube.com/DasAmericanAth...
DeamonCohln http://youtube.com/DeamonCohln
devchelle2 http://youtube.com/devchelle2
DLandonCole http://youtube.com/DLandonCole
Dogma Debate http://dogmadebate.com
edenscancer http://youtube.com/edenscancer
gothatfunk http://youtube.com/gothatfunk
GrapplingIgnorance http://youtube.com/GrapplingIgnor...
gyro163/Devin http://youtube.com/gyro163
HonestDiscussioner http://youtube.com/HonestDiscussi...
Klingschor/L'Orientalist http://youtube.com/Klingschor
LiamJR24 http://youtube.com/LiamJR24
LJonYT http://youtube.com/LJonYT
Matt ONeil
meridianfrost & IdunnoUUU http://youtube.com/meridianfrost http://youtube.com/IdunnoUUU
NapalmThePhoenix http://youtube.com/NapalmThePhoenix
nauroticdax http://youtube.com/nauroticdax
notinmyname2050 http://youtube.com/notinmyname2050
ProportionalResponse http://youtube.com/ProportionalRe...
qdragon1337 http://youtube.com/qdragon1337
Sarahon06 http://youtube.com/Sarahon06
SiriusMined http://youtube.com/SiriusMined
SoretaYuki performing with We Are the Afterglow / Cobalt Sons in a live concert http://youtube.com/SoretaYuki
stealthbadger http://youtube.com/stealthbadger
straightd0pe http://youtube.com/straightd0pe
TheThinkingAtheist http://youtube.com/TheThinkingAth...
xxxThePeachxxx http://youtube.com/xxxThePeachxxx
Zaunstar http://youtube.com/Zaunstar
ZJemptv http://youtube.com/ZJemptv

Gun Control: 2nd Amendment
Gun Control: 2nd Amendment

Gun control is a supremely contentious issue in the US. The Framers had a clear vision in mind of an armed citizenry resisting tyranny. Of course they did, they had just overthrown their own lawful government. In this video, I'll take a brief trip through the legal tradition of gun ownership.

Future videos will examine the effectiveness of gun control legislation, best gun practices, and debunking of gun control myths so popular on Facebook.

Wikipedia on the 2nd amendment:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2nd_amendment

Pennsylvania's Constitution of 1776; the template for the later Bill of Rights.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pennsylvania_Constitution_of_1776

Federalist #28:
http://constitution.org/fed/federa28.htm

United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1876):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Cruikshank

District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_of_Columbia_v._Heller

Alex Jones on Piers Morgan. (I detest Alex Jones):
http://youtube.com/watch?v=gWQPZ-taYBs

PZ Myers and the Definition of Trolling
PZ Myers and the Definition of Trolling

The formatting here was done in a rush, forgive the white screens. I had to throw it together quickly due to work and family. This issue has been rattling around in my head ever since the Google Hangout last weekend. This is my catharsis, drawing an end to any references to PZ Myers or Pharyngula on this channel.

The Pharyngula Dungeon.
http://freethoughtblogs.com/pharyngula/dungeon/

1. You can read NoelPlum99's last comment chain here:
http://freethoughtblogs.com/pharyngula/2013/01/20/so-do-they-stamp-a-symbol-on-the-side-of-the-cockpit-for-each-one/comment-page-1/#comment-540934
NoelPlum99's blog: http://noelplum99.blogspot.com/

2. Michael Hawkins's terminal conversation is documented here:
http://freethoughtblogs.com/pharyngula/2012/01/01/this-is-not-my-new-years-resolution/comment-page-1/#comment-234238
Here's Michael's blog: http://forthesakeofscience.com/

3. Edward Gemmer's last stand:
http://freethoughtblogs.com/pharyngula/2013/01/01/neither-bullied-nor-cajoled/comment-page-1/#comment-524882

4. Huntstoddard's demise is documented here:
http://freethoughtblogs.com/pharyngula/2012/09/14/yep-thats-the-debate-right-now/comment-page-1/#comment-455838

Gun control is coming up, hopefully by Friday! It will likely be a multi-parter.

Peter Atkins: "Science As Truth"
Peter Atkins: "Science As Truth"

DON'T MISS THE DISCUSSION THIS WEEKEND:
PZ Myers, TheTruePooka, SkepticalHeretic, and me
Saturday, February 2nd, 2013
4 PM Eastern US time, 3 PM Central US time, 1 PM Pacific US time.
The format will be a Google Hangout, to be broadcast on YouTube via TheTruePooka.
The topic/discussion: http://youtube.com/watch?v=K2TTDqpfCYY
The announcment/format: http://youtube.com/watch?v=2kAUaRu2U14

----
More about Peter Atkins
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Atkins

There's a good deal more in this essay that I could not include. Some discussion of why real scientists tend to scorn the paranormal or supernatural might be of interest to my atheist or skeptical viewers.

http://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2012/12/31/quote-of-the-week-peter-atkins-on-woo-and-faith/

Flu Vaccine Statistics and NaturalNews
Flu Vaccine Statistics and NaturalNews

I'm always amused by the response of people to bad reporting. This is a classic example. The author, Ethan Huff, blogging at NaturalNews, the website of Mike Adams, the Health Ranger, has confused percentile change and percentage POINT change and the result is hilariously misinformed. He accuses the CDC of deceptive statistics in stating that the seasonal flu vaccine is 60% effective. No, he disputes, the accurate descriptor is "less than 2% effective". *facepalm*

http://naturalnews.com/038826_flu_vaccine_victims_hospitals.html

XKCD illustrates the difference far better than I ever could:
http://xkcd.com/985/

For a basic primer:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percentage_point
http://mathsisfun.com/percentage-points.html

The Burzynski Clinic
The Burzynski Clinic

Feel free to pass this on to anyone considering their options in alternative cancer treatments at the Burzynski Clinic. It's also CCMA, so feel free to mirror or repost.

AUTHOR'S NOTE: I caught an error in post-production: The Burzynski Clinic has only started 61 clinical trials, not 62. The last came up in my query because one of the authors has the same name. Otherwise the figures are correct.

Fact 1: The Burzynski Clinic has attempted 61 clinical trials, but only completed 1.

Check it out here:
http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=Burzynski&Search=Search

Fact 2: The Burzynski Clinic charges its patients to participate in a study of their patented medication that exposes them to risk.
http://scienceblogs.com/insolence/2010/05/05/harnessing-peoples-good-to-pay-for-woo/

Fact 3: The Burzynski Clinic makes heavy use of marketing techniques not normally associated with clinical practices and not in the best spirit of research medicine.

For example, you can see here that they are abusing libel laws to silence critics.
http://guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/nov/30/burzynski-clinic-cancer-libel-laws
And threatening and bullying of a 17 year old blogger by a media consultant:
http://rhysmorgan.co/burzynski-morally-reprehensible/

The Magic Sandwich Show Special; 2012 in review
The Magic Sandwich Show Special; 2012 in review

Don't miss the show this Sunday; 2012 in review with a long lineup of special guests. Check here for more details: http://magicsandwichshow.com/category/announcements/

Watch the show at:
http://blogtv.com/people/magicsandwich/

DATE AND TIME:
http://timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedtime.html?msg=Magic+Sandwich+Christmas+Special%2C+30+December&iso=20121230T20&p1=1323

"Probable" guests:
TheThinkingAtheist
darkmatter2525
NonStampCollector
Professor Phil Moriarty
ZOMGitsCriss

"Possible" guests:
David Silverman
Sean Faircloth
Potholer54

For more details:
http://magicsandwichshow.com/

Magic Sandwich Show LIVE in Austin at the Texas Freethought Convention
Magic Sandwich Show LIVE in Austin at the Texas Freethought Convention

WARNING: Audio is painfully bad to listen to. I've decided to simply post this and work on audio improvement later. Aron and I knew that we would have to improvise an audio recording solution once we got "on-site". Unfortunately, the uncompressed audio has been such a pain to move around and share out with some very nice folks who offered to help me with clean-up, that I'm going to wash my hands of it for now. Too many important projects at work to mess with this.

The License (as in all my videos) is set to CCA. That means you are welcome to download, re-process the video or audio, and repost on your own channel.

For the record, this was recorded by Aron's son, MiniRa using my cheap handheld camcorder. Good camera work by MiniRa, and thank you to him for holding the camera steadier than I could.

The audio was recorded in Audacity with my Blue Yeti USB microphone. Unfortunately, the format put us at separate tables and the distance to source required a high gain setting and hence a lot of reverb. YouTube adds its own defects in encoding as well.

The discussion was fun and I found it interesting. Aron is really in his element in front of a crowd, and got a few good rants going on.

Rebutting Brad Harrub:  Mutations produce nothing new
Rebutting Brad Harrub: Mutations produce nothing new

This week, Dr. Brad Harrub demonstrates a shocking lack of understanding of the mechanisms by which evolution explores fitness space. I'll explain how actual biologists mentally think about the processes that lead to changes in fitness.

Evolution doesn't, as most people think, move like an arrow towards higher fitness. It's more like a drunk walk. It gets there in the end, but explores a lot of area looking for landmarks. This "random walk" effect is important to allow for exploration of new fitness peaks, even when getting there involves accepting a decrease in fitness.

This is the last of the pre-produced Harrub videos. It may be a few weeks before I can get around to producing another set.

PZ Myers and the Principle of Free Expression
PZ Myers and the Principle of Free Expression

I want to recommend that at the completion of this video, you simply go watch:
http://youtube.com/watch?v=jyoOfRog1EM

Christopher Hitchens says more eloquently than I ever could why it is important that we choose to allow a culture of free (and offensive) expression. He also explains very clearly why it is important not just to allow a person to SPEAK, but that we have an obligation to make sure that person is HEARD.

This is triply true for atheists, freethinkers, skeptics and rationalists. We shelter under the shield of free expression. Religious groups would prefer we kept our ideas to our own forums, that we remain silent in their presence. Honoring the idea that no-one has a right not to be offended is core to our very existence as a group.

PZ is within his legal rights and within the terms of service of YouTube to close comments and ratings, but in doing so offends the principles of free expression. I can think of no compelling argument to close comments and ratings, and several good reasons to leave them open. Treat Pharyngula like a blog, PZ, and YouTube like the unmoderated forum it was meant to be.

I disagree with PZ, I disliked the tone he took with me, but I don't hold a grudge on this. Two people can disagree without one of them having to be either mentally incompetent or maliciously deceptive. If you are just here to disparage PZ as a person, don't expect me to join in.

My honest intent is to persuade him with a reasoned argument to re-open comments and ratings.

Rebutting Brad Harrub:  Haeckel's Embryo Fraud
Rebutting Brad Harrub: Haeckel's Embryo Fraud

Ernst Haeckel was an amazing scientist at a crucial time in the history of biology. The legend of his fraud is largely manufactured.

His work reflected a certain ignorance of comparative embryology, and he probably skewed his illustrations to demonstrate his own theory, the biogenic (or "biogenetic") law. There is no evidence he was every convicted of fraud, he was not "kicked out" of the University of Jena, and all of Dr. Brad Harrub's assertions are based on poor research and factually false claims made by creationist author Jonathan Wells in his book "Icons of Evolution".

So, let's be clear on something that is often confused.
1. Haeckel's illustrations were an attempt to prove his own biogenic law, not evolution.
2. Comparative embryology, the similarities between tissues during development, show the same branching pattern that is seen in phylogenetics. That is, closely related organisms show very similar stages of development. THIS is the actual evidence for evolution to be taken from pictures of embryos found in textbooks.

Evolution of development ("evo-devo") has been one of the most productive areas of biology of the last two decades. Arguing that Haeckel's failure to prove his biogenetic law somehow affects the value of comparative embryology to demonstrate evolutionary relatedness is just false.

My apologies for the bad camera work. This was mid-way through the talk, and the seats were very uncomfortable. The "jiggling" was me adjusting my position and having to move my phone hand to relieve the strain.

Rebutting Brad Harrub:  Darwin was a racist
Rebutting Brad Harrub: Darwin was a racist

This is the lowest and saddest argument yet. Here Dr. Harrub attempts to poison the well by accusing Darwin of being a racist, and of advocating for racism. While Darwin was far from enlightened by modern standards, he was a passionate abolitionist.

Rational Revolution: Mis-portrayal of Darwin as a Racist:
http://rationalrevolution.net/articles/darwin_nazism.htm

BBC: Historian William Crawley on Darwin's feelings about race.
http://bbc.co.uk/blogs/ni/2009/02/was_charles_darwin_a_racist.html

Uncommon Descent (creationist blog) quote mines Darwin on race:
http://uncommondescent.com/intelligent-design/darwin-reader-darwins-racism/

Rebutting Brad Harrub: Kettlewell's Peppered Moths
Rebutting Brad Harrub: Kettlewell's Peppered Moths

I'm going to be very busy over the next few weeks as we finalize a major research outcome and prepare it for publication. Very busy, very tired, very excited!

The best analysis of Kettlewell's results and the creationist furor around them is at Dr. Jerry Coyne's non-blog website, "Why Evolution is True". Dr. Coyne is famously cited for his scientific criticisms of the peppered moth studies, but his real criticism has been misused to create the impression of scientific dishonesty.
http://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2012/02/10/the-peppered-moth-story-is-solid/

Some links to Wikipedia to give some context:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kettlewell%27s_experiment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_Kettlewell
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_melanism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Majerus

A critical examination of the urban legend:
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16240545
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16549216
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14737825
The only actual criticism that has borne scrutiny is that Kettlewell failed to test hypotheses OTHER THAN predation and there were some artificiality in his experiments that did not mimic nature well:
https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21452690
For example, he sometimes collected moths from other countries to supplement wild-caught moths. He released a very large number of moths, which could have artificially increased predation as the birds were presented with a bug buffet. That's why Majerus, using more careful methods, wanted to re-design and repeat the original experiments.

Rebutting Harrub:  Finches never produce rhinos or ferns
Rebutting Harrub: Finches never produce rhinos or ferns

Warning: Exposure to Harrub's logic may cause headaches or pain in the forehead. If you begin bleeding from the ears or nose, please consult a physician. Prolonged exposure may result in loss of IQ points.

More about Dollo's Law:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dollo%27s_law_of_irreversibility
http://pnas.org/content/91/25/12283.full.pdf

AronRa's excellent video:
"Caniform Carnivore Cladogram Construction"
http://youtube.com/watch?v=bJ-DawQKPr8

In future videos, we will talk about the difference between cladogenesis (new species splitting off an existing one) and anagenesis (the formation of a new species by the transformation of an existing one). Most creationists assume evolution proceeds entirely by anagenesis, when it is almost entirely by cladogenesis.

AUTHOR'S NOTE:
I'm often forced to use terms that are imprecise in order to convey scientific ideas. The idea of the ancestral lineage of animals becoming more "specialized" is in the sense of "more like their own species". This means that a "generalized" bird is one that represents the common ancestor of the "genus". Each new adaptation that is acquired along an ancestral line goes into the evolutionary history of that species, but this acquisition is one-sided, not an equilibrium of change.

If it helps, think of Dollo's law as the "arrow of time" for evolutionary change.

"Atheism Plus": an open letter
"Atheism Plus": an open letter

I'd like to address this video to the supporters and founders of Atheism Plus. I have concerns about the shape of any movement that seeks to create in-groups along secondary issues.

-- I agree with the stated goals of inclusion and diversity. Any movement that becomes homogenous is doomed to failure. That issue, applied to the predominantly male, white and hetero crowd at atheist meetings, is relevant. However, you are creating a group that has ideological homogeneity of views (must be anti-racist, anti-misogynist, anti-transphobia) as a stated goal. Do you see the problem there? You trade a predominantly white, liberal, male group of people for a group made exclusively of a specific political viewpoint.

-- Shunning and shaming, or any other form of exclusionary pressure used to maintain the ingroup/outgroup division is inherently damaging to the whole community. The functional effect will be to create "separate but equal status" for Atheism Plus and non-Atheism Plus meetings, as speakers refuse to speak at the same event because of political differences. It will also lead to an us vs. them mentality that could harm free exchange of ideas.

-- I realize it's too late to make structural changes, but the commitment to free speech, free thought, self-criticism (of all issues, even feminism and other topics) and the absence of a power structure is vital to keeping Atheism Plus a positive force in the community.

Video replies are set to automatic approval. If you want to add your voice to mine, submit a video or comment below.

Rebutting Harrub:  Argument from Historical Scientists
Rebutting Harrub: Argument from Historical Scientists

This is the second in my series on Dr. Brad Harrub's "Origins" talk in College Station, TX around August 9th, 2012. In the section, I address his argument from historical scientists. The key point: Many scientists throughout history have been religious, but it was not their religious beliefs that informed their science. The fact that Dr. Harrub focuses on scientists who lived prior to Darwin says a lot.

I thought it might be interesting to explore the actual religious beliefs of the people being summoned to testify on Dr. Harrub's behalf. Most of them were unorthodox by today's standards, and some of them can better testify to the negative; that religious or superstitious belief has hindered science and the progress of knowledge.

The context of the clip from Dr. Harrub's talk is that he was addressing Bill Nye's comments that creationism can hold students back from understanding the actual science. This is true. When a person has a commitment to dogmatic doctrine that conflicts with truth or evidence, they face a difficult choice: either reject the truth, or reject the doctrine.

c0nc0rdance's wager:
Whenever a supernatural explanation competes with a natural explanation, so far in the history of science, the natural has always held up to more scrutiny.

Neti Pot:  Safe and Effective?
Neti Pot: Safe and Effective?

An analysis of the safety and efficacy of neti pots.

Cochrane reviews of all the literature on the topic:
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20238351
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17636843
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21154389

Want to learn more about Naegleria fowleri and PAM?
http://cdc.gov/parasites/naegleria/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naegleria_fowleri

Want to learn more about Caddo Lake in East Texas?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caddo_Lake
Pay special attention to encroaching Salvinia and the frequent Bigfoot sightings (most of which I am sure are just sightings of particularly inbred, hairy locals).

Made at the request of Emily Dietle, http://twitter.com/emilyhasbooks

Evil Science Hour:  MSF 24 hr Charity Vlog-a-thon
Evil Science Hour: MSF 24 hr Charity Vlog-a-thon

Join me on the Evil Science Hour during the MSF Charity drive.
http://magicsandwichshow.com/msfcharityshow/

The schedule is here:
https://spreadsheets.google.com/spreadsheet/pub?hl=en_US&hl=en_US&key=0AlRCiEBbcYRjdDU0dEpmSXhQMmc1S0ZKSmFrbERPekE&output=html
I'm on 5 AM British time, midnight Eastern US, 11 PM Central US, 9 PM Pacific US, 2 PM Ozzer time.

You can watch me (and a cast of other characters over the 24 hour period) here:
http://blogtv.com/people/dprjones

I have some new science toys to show off, some science projects in mind, and I'll be live on camera, answering questions and generally being evil and science-y. Bring some money to donate for special requests. I'm for sale during this hour... mercenary science for a cause.

Donations can be made here:
1. Justgiving http://justgiving.com/DPR-Jones0
2. Firstgiving http://firstgiving.com/fundraiser/dpr-jones/dprjonessfundraisingpage
3. Ebay items, up for bid
http://ebay.com/sch/dprjonesmsf2012/m.html?_nkw=&_armrs=1&_from=&_ipg=25&_trksid=p3686

Rebutting Harrub:  Evolution is just a Theory
Rebutting Harrub: Evolution is just a Theory

This point has been made many times before, but it never seems to sink in with creationists. Evolution is "just a theory" in the same sense that gravity is "just a theory" or cells are "just a theory" or atoms are "just a theory".

This will be an ongoing series. I've managed to make six videos already, and I'm barely a quarter of the way through the video. I don't take much pleasure in debunking creationist arguments, but it's an opportunity to explore some key ideas in biology. I'm not worried about convincing evolution denialists that they are wrong. Their psychological mechanisms prevent that. As Hitchens famously said: "You cannot reason someone out of a position they did not arrive at by reason"

You can read more about Dr. Harrub at his own website:
http://focuspress.org/Brad-Harrub.html

Here's his publication (singular... he has only one, in spite of claiming "numerous publications"... hey, one *IS* a number)
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=harrub

Magic Sandwich Show, September 2nd, 2012:  Guest Andrew Copson
Magic Sandwich Show, September 2nd, 2012: Guest Andrew Copson

Go to:
http://magicsandwichshow.com/category/announcements/

It's a great pleasure to announce that Michael Payton, National Director of the Centre for Inquiry, Canada, will be joining Andrew Copson, Chief Executive of the British Humanist Association, along with c0nc0rdance.

The show will be broadcast on the Magic Sandwich Show channel on blogtv, on 2 September at 20.00hrs UK time.

Magic Sandwich Show Promo: "Sophisticated Theology"
Magic Sandwich Show Promo: "Sophisticated Theology"

This week we'll be discussing the difference between sophisticated theologians and the street preacher pre-suppositionalists. No special guests, and the panel hasn't been finalized, but for sure will include dprjones and c0nc0rdance.

Check out our new webpage:
magicsandwichshow.com

The topic is free-ranging, but religious apologetic arguments will be the primary focus. If you wish to call in and ask a question of the panel, instructions are at the bottom of this description.

Event announcer from the World Clock, lists the event start time in any time zone:
http://timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedtime.html?msg=Magic+Sandwich+Show&iso=20120819T14&p1=2284&ah=2

The BlogTV session can be viewed here:
http://blogtv.com/people/magicsandwich/

The UStream session can be viewed here:
http://ustream.tv/user/TheMagicSandwichShow

We have a website! http://magicsandwichshow.com/ for recorded sessions, updates, photos and announcements.

TO APPEAR ON THE SHOW:
If you wish to appear on the show please send a skype contact request through skype to;
magicsandwichshow
Please do this before the show.

Before, or during the show, send a message through skype giving brief details of the gist of your question or point.

If possible we will bring you into the show. PLEASE DO NOT CALL US! We will call you. If you do call us you will be blocked.

Please ensure that you have headphones and that you mute blogtv when you are on the show.

Are Energy Drinks Safe?
Are Energy Drinks Safe?

I'm trying something a little different here. The script is either a paraphrase or direct quote from two reviews on the topic of the safety of energy drinks. You will find that I am basically reading out parts from these two papers with some bridging and clarification. These papers are linked below as free, full text articles. You can read them, follow the links to the sources cited, and even feel free to email the authors.

Source papers:
1. Mayo Clin Proc. 2010 November; 85(11): 1033--1041.
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2966367/

2. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 January 1; 99(1-3): 1--10.
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2735818/

I'm sure I will be accused of all sorts of bias or fear mongering, but for the record, the views expressed, while they align with my own, are the views of the experts at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and UT-Houston School of Medicine.

Many people have asked me to cover this topic, but it's pretty far out of my area of expertise. That's why I'm relying on these expert reviews.

Driving to NCTR, Jefferson, AR
Driving to NCTR, Jefferson, AR

Warning: This really is just a video of driving to a research facility, sped up to 4 X speed. Don't waste your time here if you are expecting educational value.

I was recently an invited speaker at the National Center for Toxicology Research (NCTR). I've been there a few times before, but the drive always creeps me out. The only way to reach it is through back roads in rural Arkansas, residential areas, and the only real landmark is a burned-down bait shack. Then you enter the campus and it's a self-sufficient city with its own power, water, security, and on-site disposal. The facility is a state of the art research campus surrounded on all sides by miles of forest and the only residents nearby live in mobile homes.

http://fda.gov/AboutFDA/CentersOffices/OC/OfficeofScientificandMedicalPrograms/NCTR/default.htm

The NCTR is the premiere government research center for toxicology. It is situated on the same grounds as the Pine Bluff Arsenal, one of the USA's primary sites for chemical weapon storage and disposal. The reason for the remote location is that it was a bioweapons facility during WWII, and the biological weapons program wasn't formally decommissioned until 1971.

Most of the research here involves testing genetic damage caused by industrial or household chemicals. One project that I consulted on was the effect of a new algaecide in runoff from ponds and lakes. Most of the employees live in Little Rock, AR, and take the 45 minute shuttle ride in every day.

Just for your viewing enjoyment. Music is Danse Macabre.

The Science of Human Race, Part 2
The Science of Human Race, Part 2

There are a few errors in the content of the video... I had to rush the post-production editing a bit. I will annotate as I can. Some of the more embarrassing errors are misspelling governor and mispronouncing Tanzanian.

I've attempted to cite work on the slide in question wherever possible.

I think the question of why Jamaican sprinters do so well is a valid scientific question. Through it, I think we can also explore the idea of significant differences arising from population substructure.

I'll explore in more depth the question of IQ differences at some point in the distant future. For now, I'm a bit eager to move on to other topics.

The Humanist Manifesto III
The Humanist Manifesto III

NOTE: "The Science of Race, Part 2", is currently in production. I expect to have it up by next week. Thank you for bearing with me on the long delay. Work and personal commitments have slowed the script writing process.


This reading is in honor of the recent passing of Gore Vidal, an author who influenced me at a young age. Gore was a one-time spokesman for the American Humanist Association, sharing that honor with other authors like Kurt Vonnegut and Isaac Asimov. You can read more about Gore here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gore_Vidal

What is Humanism? This Manifesto attempts to address the common goals of humanism. It is not a dogma. In fact, it is revised every twenty years or so. As Kurt Vonnegut elegantly put it "Being a humanist means trying to behave decently without expectation of rewards or punishment after you are dead". It is the ethical and moral code of many non-believers.

I hope you will investigate the Humanist Manifesto III further at the AHA website:
http://americanhumanist.org/humanism/Humanist_Manifesto_III

Atheism has no moral dimension. There are no credos or manifestos to non-belief. Humanism, on the other hand, contains some ideas of how we would like to live and by what methods we ought to seek for truth.

Magic Sandwich Show Promo:  July 8th, 2012
Magic Sandwich Show Promo: July 8th, 2012

! THE SHOW WILL START AN HOUR EARLIER THAN USUAL !
Please see Event Time below.

We have a special guest this week, TheoreticalBullshit / Scott Clifton. If you don't know TBS's excellent work on philosophy, counter-apologetics (or any of the other countless things he is amazingly good at), check out his channel here:

http://youtube.com/user/TheoreticalBullshit

Also confirmed are Michael Payton, c0nc0rdance, and our host, as always, is dprjones.

The topic is free-ranging, but religious apologetic arguments will be the primary focus. If you wish to call in and ask a question of the panel, instructions are at the bottom of this description.

Event announcer from the World Clock, lists the event start time in any time zone:
http://timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedtime.html?msg=Magic+Sandwich+Show&iso=20120708T13&p1=2284&ah=2

The BlogTV session can be viewed here:
http://blogtv.com/people/magicsandwich/

The UStream session can be viewed here:
http://ustream.tv/user/TheMagicSandwichShow

We have a website! http://magicsandwichshow.com/ for recorded sessions, updates, photos and announcements.

TO APPEAR ON THE SHOW:
If you wish to appear on the show please send a skype contact request through skype to;
magicsandwichshow
Please do this before the show.

Before, or during the show, send a message through skype giving brief details of the gist of your question or point.

If possible we will bring you into the show. PLEASE DO NOT CALL US! We will call you. If you do call us you will be blocked.

Please ensure that you have headphones and that you mute blogtv when you are on the show.

PZ Myers vs. Thunderf00t
PZ Myers vs. Thunderf00t

The blog post where Thunder's departure is part of "Major Changes at Freethought Blogs"
http://freethoughtblogs.com/dispatches/2012/07/01/major-changes-at-freethought-blogs/

Don't miss the Magic Sandwich Show tomorrow! 3 PM Eastern, 2 PM Central, noon Pacific. If you live in one of those "non-American" countries, you'll have to work out the time for yourself. TBS has confirmed he will attend.

I don't feel very strongly one way or the other on feminism or sexism at conferences. I think everyone wants an inclusive, safe environment. There's a disagreement about how best to achieve that, and I'm open to reasonable arguments on the topic. I'm also sympathetic to people who have championed this cause, because I'm sure they get frustrated with attempts to educate and motivate the apathetic masses (like me). I feel the same way on my own issues. That doesn't exempt them from honest participation in the debate.

The Science of Human Races, Part 1
The Science of Human Races, Part 1

Perhaps I was too harsh on the "race realists" in my previous video. Human races exist in about the same way that eras in history exist. They are arbitrary and useful as broad generalizations. What I think I can easily show is that the Victorian idea of race essentialism: that the categories themselves are somehow more meaningful than any other, or that they are homotypic, is unscientific.

Part 2 will cover more on this topic, particularly the abuse of the sociological definition of race to justify a kind of genetic determinism.

A great number of primary sources went into the research for this video. I've annotated when I used figures, but you may also find the following articles useful in learning more:

1. "Evidence for Gradients of Human Genetic Diversity Within and Among Continents"
Genome Res. 2004. 14: 1679-1685.
http://genome.cshlp.org/content/14/9/1679.long

2. "Against Racial Medicine"
Patterns of Prejudice, Vol. 40, 4:5, 2006
http://ncat.academia.edu/JosephGravesJr/Papers/148490/Against_Racial_Medicine
NOTE: Graves is not without controversy, but this article covers many important topic at a level that many can understand.

3. "Fine-scaled human genetic structure revealed by SNP microarrays"
Genome Res. 2009. 19: 815-825.
http://genome.cshlp.org/content/19/5/815.long

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